Title 2C of the New Jersey Statutes is the New Jersey Code of Criminal Justice and provides general guidelines for criminal prosecutions in the state of New Jersey, as well as outlining crimes. It covers procedural rules, such as statutory bars to prosecution and as well as definitions of the terms used in the statutes. More importantly, it discusses the fact that criminal action has to voluntary, excuses, defenses including self-defense and insanity, and concepts like vicarious liability, which make a person responsible for another’s criminal actions. Then the title goes on to list the various offenses and outline the elements of the offense.
In order for someone to be found guilty of one of the listed offenses, the prosecution must establish all of the elements of the offense, so each individuals’ statute’s listing of elements becomes critical to a person accused of a criminal violation. Furthermore, the title discuss post-conviction remedies that might impact a criminal defendant, such as registration on a sex offender registry or special conditions for probation for a domestic violence offender.
Finally, the title also discusses civil remedies such as fines and restitution where applicable, as well as the administrative rules that fund certain criminal law programs.